A Variety of Choices. â¦Thucydidesâ first, introductory book concern Corcyra and Potidaea. Corfu Town is on UNESCOâs World Heritage list. In 1962 a palace built (1890â91) for Elizabeth, empress of Austria, was converted to use as a casino. In 1923 the League revealed its impotence by dodging action in the Corfu crisis, in which Italian troops...â¦, Corfu, island in the Ionian Sea (Modern Greek: IÃ³vio PÃ©lagos), with adjacent small islands...â¦, Benito Mussolini, Italian prime minister (1922â43) and the first of 20th-century Europeâs...â¦. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Corfu incident, (1923) brief occupation of the Greek island of Corfu by Italian forces. Johanne Fournier. In World War II the city was again bombed by the Italians and occupied in succession (1941â44) by Italians and Germans. Pop. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Le Corfu Island analysé... 53 ans après son naufrage. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1204 the island was annexed to the Greek despotate of Epirus but passed back to King Manfred of Sicily (1259) and then (1267) to the Angevins of Naples. Visit Corfu Town. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 2. According to legend, the island was Scheria, home of the Phaeacians in Homeric epic. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Corfu-incident, History Ireland - Ireland and the Corfu Crisis, 1923. The island of Corfu is Greece's large, green Ionian Island. Find all the transport options for your trip from Corfu to Navagio right here. Itâs a guidebook favorite because of the European-influenced architecture left behind in Corfu town by the Venetians, Romans and other empires whoâve ruled the island. The name Corfu is an Italian corruption of the Greek koryphai (âcrestsâ) and is often a more familiar moniker to visitors than the Modern Greek name. Corfu, Modern Greek Kérkyra, ancient (Latin) Corcyra, island in the Ionian Sea (Modern Greek: Ióvio Pélagos), with adjacent small islands making up the dímos (municipality) and pereferiakí enótita (regional unit) of Kérkyra (also called Corfu), Ionian Islands (Iónia Nisiá) periféreia (region), western Greece. Corfu took no active part in the Persian invasion (480 bce) of Greece, but in 435 it sought the assistance of Athens in a quarrel with Corinth, a request that became a primary cause of the Peloponnesian War. After the Greeks appealed to the League Our editors will review what youâve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Corfu is a large mountainous island in the Ionian Sea on the west side of the Greek mainland, right at the border of Albania. Corfu (Kerkyra) is one of the most important and beautiful islands in Greece, perhaps the greenest island with dense vegetation, unmatched in natural beauty with dozens of sightseeing, beautiful beaches, and a very dense road network What is the worldâs largest archipelago? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Greek island of Corfu, also known as Kerkyra, has been under the control of many different cultures and nations, giving it a cultured and fascinating history. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Upon the dismemberment of the Venetian republic (1797), Corfu was assigned to France, but the French garrison soon was expelled by a Russo-Turkish fleet. The second-largest town on Corfu, Lefkimmi is probably one of the most traditional and picturesque villages on the island. It attracts millions of tourists every year that visit the island for its elegant architecture, its greenery, the traditional villages and the wonderful beaches around the island. In August 1923 Italians forming part of an international boundary delegation were murdered on Greek soil, leading Benito Mussolini to order a naval bombardment of Corfu. Corfu is believed to be the island of Schera in Homer's Odyssey. Venetian sovereignty was restored in 1401. In August 1923 Italians forming part of an international boundary delegation were murdered on Greek soil, leading Benito Mussolini to order a naval bombardment of Corfu. Of limestone structure, the island is mountainous in the north and low in the south. The cosmopolitan island of Corfu is located in the Ionian Sea, in Greece. Discover the best things to do in Corfu, fantastic beaches, top hotels, and restaurants, as well as a wide selection of breathtaking photos!. Unique in many ways, Corfu has it all to impress: beautiful nature, mix of architecture styles due to its vibrant history, culture and wonderful Mediterranean hospitality. For a DIY spa experience, lather yourself in mineral mud on the shore of the Canal DâAmour. The main cruise port on the island is located within walking distance of the town of Corfu. Many Corfu beaches are organized and lined up with hotels, seaside restaurants, water sports centers, and beach bars. Itâs a fairly easy hike, with lots of signage, and youâll weave your way through hills, mountains, lakes, lagoons, monasteries, and tiny towns. The second-largest Ionian Island has seen the Byzantines, Venetians, French and British come and go over the last 1,000 years, and all these cultures have left something behind. Seized in 229 bce by the Illyrians, it was delivered by the Romans, who retained it as a naval station and made it a free state. (2001) city, 30,140; island, 107,879; mun., 111,081; (2011) city, 24,838; mun., 102,071. Corrections? Corfu incident, (1923) brief occupation of the Greek island of Corfu by Italian forces. Naufrage du Corfu Islands, le 20 décembre 1963. from WebTVdesiles PRO . Diapontia islands consist of 3 small islets with a distance between 2 and 7 marine miles from the coast of Corfu. 20 décembre 1963 : Naufrage du Corfu Islands à l'Étang-du-Nord. 20/12/1963 : Naufrage du Corfu Islands à lâÉtang-du-Nord. Paleokastritsa is the most famous beach resort, while other nice Corfu beaches include Agios Gordis, Pelekas and Glyfada. Incorporated into the Napoleonic empire (1807), it became a British protectorate after the emperorâs final defeat (1815). In 2007 the Old Town of KÃ©rkyra was named a UNESCO World Heritage site. If you are not up to a 20 minute walk, a local bus into town is available. Lying just off the coast of Epirus (Ãpeiros), it is about 36 miles (58 km) long, while its greatest breadth is about 17 miles (27 km) and its area 229 square miles (593 square km). Corfu (/ k ÉËr Ë f (j) uË /, US also / Ë k ÉËr f (j) uË /) or Kerkyra (Greek: ÎÎÏÎºÏ
ÏÎ±, romanized: Kérkyra, pronounced ()) is a Greek island in the Ionian Sea, of the Ionian Islands, and, including its small satellite islands, forms the margin of the northwestern frontier of Greece. Omissions? "The clearest waters in Corfu island, the best beach bars and restaurants and of course the best place to relax and enjoy your holidays!!" (Thucydides does not let his readers entirely lose sight of two other causes much discussed at the timeâthe Megarian decrees and the complaints of Aegina about its loss of autonomy. From simply irresistible emerald beaches to traditional little villages, these islands tick all the boxes! Fun Fact #2 The longest influence in Corfu was the Venetians, which left their mark making it feel more like an Italian town. Due to being under Venetian rule from the 14th century to the late 18th century, this stunning architecture can still be found on this island â especially in the capital of Corfu Town. After 303 the island changed hands several times for a quarter century. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Olive trees predominate, but figs, oranges, lemons, grapes, and corn (maize) are also cultivated. the Ancona or Bari to Corfu - Igoumenitsa â Patras crossings. In succession it fell to Goths, Lombards, Saracens, and Normans and was fought over by the kings of Sicily and the Italian city-states of Genoa and Venice. Corfu is believed to be the island of Schera in Homer's Odyssey. The Corfu Trail is an epic 93-mile (150-kilometer) trek starting from the south of the island and ending on the northern tip. Sitting in the Ionian Sea, several miles west off of Greece 's northwest coast and Albania's southwest coast, Corfu is the second largest of the Ionian Islands. Corrections? Sort out the facts about islands across the globe. A Variety of Choices. Rome2rio makes travelling from Corfu to Navagio easy. Its northeastern protrusion, close to the Albanian coast, trends east-west and reaches a peak in Pantokrator Mountain (2,972 feet [906 metres]); the other range, in the islandâs centre, is lower. Vidos Island. Corfu TOP EXCURSIONS. 8. Omissions? ANEK LINES connects the port of Corfu with the ports of Ancona and Bari, with regular itineraries during the high season, offering top quality services and authentic Cretan philoxenia on board. The north-eastern corner of Corfu is as beautiful a chunk of the Greek islands as I have seen. Updates? Corfu is studded with whitewashed houses, Byzantine churches, and the remains of Venetian fortresses and Greek temples. Voici une entrevue tenue le 9 décembre 2008 à Radio-Canada avec Georges Gaudet, scénariste et coréalisateur, avec Luc Fontaine, d'un documentaire Corfu quit the war in 410, but a new alliance with Athens (375) resulted in hostilities with Sparta. Corfu Cruise Port. In 1923 Italian forces bombarded and held Corfu briefly, following the murder of an Italian boundary delegation. Fun Fact #2 The longest influence in Corfu was the Venetians, which left their mark making it feel more like an Italian town. Dossier spécial tiré du Magazine LES ÎLES â Automne 2014 Le cÅur se souvient toujours des histoires â¦ British administration displeased the inhabitants, however, and in 1864 Corfu was ceded, with the other Ionian Islands (IÃ³nia NisiÃ¡), to Greece. 1st stop: Paxi. Find out everything about your holidays in Corfu on our travel guide! This UNESCO listed town is absolutely beautiful. Une fois l'été, de nombreux Madelinots se rendaient sur place pour voir le bateau. The island is well watered, fertile, and reputed to have the most attractive countryside of the Greek islands. Corfu Hotel Deals: Find great deals from hundreds of websites, and book the right hotel using Tripadvisor's 458,952 reviews of Corfu hotels. Donât let the size of this Greek island fool you! Modern KÃ©rkyra (Corfu), the chief city, port, and capital of the dÃmos, lies on a peninsula on the east coast. Today this reputation has led to parts of the island being defiled by mass tourism, but despite this, the Corfu of literature does still exist. Many of its buildings and other landmarks were destroyed in the fighting of 1943, but the Royal Palace (1816), a former residence of British governors and now a museum, escaped the destruction. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Updates? This article was most recently revised and updated by. Wander the ancient streets of the Roman village of Kassiopi or explore the central Esplanade of the eponymous Corfu Town. 3 years ago. A Corinthian colony established about 734 bce supplanted a settlement of Eretrians from Euboea. The island was restored to Greece in 1944. The island escaped the great earthquake of 1953, which destroyed large parts of the southern Ionian Islands, and became very popular with tourists. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Olive and cypress trees against the mountainous background of northern Corfu (KÃ©rkyra), Greece. Proudly independent and even hostile to its mother city of Corinth, the new colony was reduced (c. 600 bce) by the Corinthian tyrant Periander, but later it regained independence and devoted itself to commerce. After the Greeks appealed to the League of Nations, the Italians were ordered to evacuate but Greece was forced to pay Italy an indemnity. What are the islands of the Maldives made of? So, let the exploration begin! In 31 bce Octavian (later the emperor Augustus) used it as a base against Mark Antony, but his foundation of Nicopolis Actia on the site of his victory caused Corfu to lose a great deal of its prestige. If you need a place to begin, try the World Heritage Old Town of Corfu City, which is guarded by two mighty Venetian fortresses that withstood everything that the Ottoman Empire could throw at them. Its old town, with its labyrinth of hilly, narrow streets, is a seat of a Greek metropolitan and a Roman Catholic bishop. Le Corfu navigue en pleine tempête entre les Îles de la Madeleine et lâÎle dâAnticosti. Vidos Island lies at the mouth of the Port of Corfu and is most famous for its quarantine of Serbian soldiers during World War I. Corfu as an island sheltered many Serbian soldiers and civilians following their retreat from the Austro-Hungarian forces, although they kept many of the dying and sick on Vido to prevent outbreaks. Corfu, Modern Greek KÃ©rkyra, ancient (Latin) Corcyra, island in the Ionian Sea (Modern Greek: IÃ³vio PÃ©lagos), with adjacent small islands making up the dÃmos (municipality) and pereferiakÃ enÃ³tita (regional unit) of KÃ©rkyra (also called Corfu), Ionian Islands (IÃ³nia NisiÃ¡) perifÃ©reia (region), western Greece. Sitting in the North of the Ionian Sea, Corfu in Greece is strongly influenced by the Venetians, the French and the English and for this reason has a cosmopolitan, multicultural charm. The twin-peaked old citadel, with fortifications built by the Venetians (1550), was once an islet. Warning: Get ready for some jaw-to-the-floor moments! Exports include olive oil, fruit, grain, and wine; Corfuâs manufactures include soap and textiles. 20/12/1963 : Naufrage du Corfu Islands à lâÉtang-du-Nord. In the heart of the Adriatic Sea is Corfu, one of the Ionian Islands. The island of Corfu is an intermediate port on the Italy- Greece route, i.e. Our editors will review what youâve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Greek island of Corfu (also known as Kerkyra) in the Ionian Sea, off the west coast of Greece, is one of the most beautiful island destinations in Greece. Is one of the most popular destinations and one of the first islands to open to tourism. Corfu TOP EXCURSIONS. You will find below a list of the best beaches in Corfu island. From the writings of Gerald and Lawrence Durrell to the place where the shipwrecked Odysseus was soothed and sent on his way home, Corfu has been portrayed as an idyll for centuries. Voulant accélérer la cadence, le capitaine Peter Paschalis demande dâalourdir le navire en emplissant les ballasts de 3000 tonnes additionnelles dâeau de mer. Le Soleil «Enfin!» C'est ce que s'exclament plusieurs Madelinots, alors que les travaux entourant l'analyse de l'épave du Corfu Island, qui gît depuis 53 ans sur une plage achalandée des Îles-de-la-Madeleine, débuteront dans les prochains jours. Hereâs how to find the best of Corfu â¦ maquettes du corfu island qui fit naufrage le 20 décembre 1963,et moi et mes amis avons tournés un film documentaire sur le sujet(le naufrage oublié) The islandâs favourable position between Greece and Italy attracted powers from east and west. Having Corfu as your base, you can do trips to some awesome Greek islands near Corfu. Diapondia islands Placed few kilometers far from the north-west coast of Corfu island, the Diapontia islands represent a Mediterranean Paradise still far from massive tourism. First and the most important place to see on the island is its capital city - Kerkyra. One 4th-century Athenian orator actually dropped a casual remark to the effectâ¦.